Looking for a translator but feeling a bit confused by the lingo? Here are the basic terms explained.
In two languages; or a person who speaks two languages fluently. Translators are bilingual (or even multilingual), but not every bilingual person is a > translator.
Continuing professional development. Training that professional translators do throughout their career to hone their language, business and translation skills and subject knowledge.
If the words of a text can be counted and changed directly, the format is editable. It is easier to work with editable Word documents than with PDFs or scanned documents.
Shows previously translated text segments that are similar to but not exactly the same as the actual segment that is being translated. It helps to produce consistent translations.
An interpreter orally translates speech from one language into another and vice versa. Often confusingly called > translator.
Orally translating speech into a different language or sign language and vice versa, usually during a conversation between two or more people who speak different languages.
Language service provider. Another term for translation agency. These days also used for technology firms offering > machine translations or other language tools.
Software that transfers words, sentences and syntax from one language into another using algorithms. Often used to get the gist of things, but strictly speaking not a > translation.
The language we grow up and feel most familiar with. I grew up in Germany and lived there for the first 29 years of my life, so German is my mother tongue.
Reading a text very slowly and carefully in order to spot spelling and grammar mistakes, inconsistencies and layout issues. Not to be confused with > revision.
The intention behind a text. A text can be written to attract, inform or amuse an audience, to discuss theories, sell products, give comfort … The list is endless.
Entire segments of a text that are an exact match. These can be translated quicker using > TM and are sometimes charged at a reduced rate.
Language that the > source text is written in. If you send an English text to a translator for translation into another language, English is the source language.
Original text that is supposed to be translated into another language. It is the text that you send to the translator.
Subject area in which a translator has acquired extensive knowledge thanks to a previous career and/or continuing professional development (> CPD).
The people you have in mind when writing a text. They can be potential or existing customers, colleagues, experts or other end users, depending on the > purpose of the text.
Language that the translation will be written in. If you send an English text to a translator for translation into German, the target language is German.
> Bilingual database of terms (glossary) that helps to manage approved terms for individual clients and to use terms consistently in translations.
Translation memory. > Bilingual database containing text segments (usually sentences) that have already been translated earlier for reference in future translations.
Another word for > translation. It emphasizes the fact that a translation is more than a transfer of words from one language into another and that some aspects can’t be translated directly.
Amount of words in a written document. A translation fee is usually based on the word count of the > source text or on the estimated time it will take to translate it (hourly rate).
Have I forgotten anything? Are there any other translation-related terms you are not sure about? Send them in!